At the time of itís formation on 1st November, 1966, Haryana State had seven districts.
Thereafter 13 new districts were notified from time to time by changing the
boundaries of the existing districts. The Mewat district was carved out from
erstwhile Gurgoan and Faridabad districts, which came into existence on
4th April 2005 as the 20th district of the Haryana
State. The district headquarter is located at Nuh. The
district comprises of five blocks namely Nuh, Tauru, Nagina, Firozpur Jhirka
Geographically, Mewat District is situated between 26-degree and 30-degree North
latitude and 76-degree and 78-degree East longitude. Gurgaon district bounds it on its
North, while Rewari district lies to its West and Faridabad district to its East. On
South, the district shares its boundary with the State of Rajasthan. Mewat
district is largely comprises of planes. Inconsistency in Mewat topography is
evident from its patches of land with hills and hillock of the Aravali Mountain
on the one hand and plains on the other. Thus, physio-graphically the area is
divided into two tracts- upland and low land.
(Map of District Mewat-Click Here)
The main occupation of the people of Mewat is†agriculture and allied and agro-based activities.
The Meos (Muslims) are the predominant population group and are completely agriculturists. They perceive
themselves as such, with a sense of pride. The agriculture in Mewat is mostly rain fed except in small
pockets where canal irrigation is available. Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per
hectare in Mewat is comparatively low to the other districts of the State. Animal husbandry, particularly
dairy is the secondary source of income for people of Mewat and those who live closer to the hilly ranges
of Aravali also keep a few sheep and goats. Milk yields are not so low, however, due to
heavy indebtedness most of the farmers are forced to sell the milk to the lenders at lower than normal
price, which drastically reduces their income from the milk. The poultry population in Mewat
is much less in comparison to other districts of Haryana State.
The soil of Mewat is light in texture, particularly sandy, sandy loam and
clay loam. The upper hills are mostly barren.
agriculture in Mewat is mostly rain fed except in small pockets where canal irrigation is available.
Agriculture production measured in terms of crop yield per hectare in Mewat is comparatively low.
Animal husbandry is the secondary source of income. Those who live closer to the hilly ranges of
Aravali also keep sheep and goats. Milk yield is not so low, but due to heavy indebtedness the income
from the' milk is much reduced, as many farmers have to sell the milk to the lender at lower than
normal price. The poultry population in Mewat is much less than in rest of Haryana.
Mewat falls under the Sub-Tropical, Semi-arid climatic zone with
extremely hot temperature in summer. Dryness of air is standard feature in Mewat except during the
monsoon season. May & June are the hottest months of the year with the temperature ranging from
30 C to 48 C, January, on the other hand is the coldest month with temperature ranging between 4 C to
25 C. Strong dusty winds are conspicuous during summer.
The annual rainfall varies considerably from year to year. The maximum rainfall is experienced during
the monsoon season, which reaches its peak in the month of July. The principal precipitation occurs
during monsoon period from June to September when about 80% of the rainfall is received. The average
rainfall varies from 336 mm to 440 mm in the district.
Humidity is considerably low during the greater part of the year. The
Mewat experiences high
humidity only during the monsoon period. The period of minimum humidity (less than 20%) is between April
During the monsoon, the sky is heavily clouded, and winds are strong during this period. Winds are
generally light during the post-monsoon and winter months.
Region Specific Weather Phenomena
Mewat experiences a high incidence of thunderstorms and dust storms, often accompanied by violent
squalls (andhar) during the period April to June. Sometimes the thunderstorms are accompanied by heavy
rain and occasionally by hailstorms. In the winter months, fog sometimes appears in the district.